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U.N. assembly recognizes Libya’s interim government + Related News

Saturday, September 17, 2011

Laaska News  Sept. 17,2011
UN Security Council eases Libya sanctions, sets up mission
Libyan transitional government given UN seat 

UN sending new mission to Libya

The UN Security Council is sending a new mission to Libya aimed at helping the interim government bring the country to normality. A resolution to this end was adopted after the National Transitional Council was acknowledged as the lawful representative body of Libya during the 66th session of the UN General Assembly.

Last week, UN Head Ban Ki-moon ordered to form a complex mission to maintain Libya’s transition to peaceful life setting matters right in politics, establishing the institute of elections and safeguarding human rights.

The fight of the National Transitional Council for power in Libya has largely been won. The previous regime of Col Gaddafi was toppled after mass popular protests broke out in February this year.

VOR.
 

U.N. assembly recognizes Libya’s interim government
By Louis Charbonneau

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – The U.N. General Assembly on Friday approved a Libyan request to accredit envoys of the country’s interim government as Tripoli’s sole representatives at the world body, effectively recognizing the National Transitional Council.

The 193-nation assembly approved the request with 114 votes in favor, 17 against and 15 abstentions. U.N. officials have said that Libyan U.N. Ambassador Abdurrahman Shalgham is expected to retain the post as Tripoli’s top diplomat at the United Nations.

The defection of Shalgham’s deputy, Ibrahim Dabbashi, to the rebels in February 2011 inspired dozens of Libyan diplomats worldwide to denounce Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi’s bloody crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrators.

Shalgham eventually followed Dabbashi’s lead and joined the rebel cause, denouncing Gaddafi in an impassioned speech in which he compared the country’s long-time leader to Hitler and Pol Pot.

Several Latin American countries sharply criticized the decision to recognize delegates of the new Libyan government.

Venezuela’s U.N. Ambassador Jorge Valero told the General Assembly his country rejected the “illegitimate transitory authority imposed by foreign intervention” and any attempt to transform Libya into a “protectorate” of NATO or the Security Council.

DELAY MOTION DEFEATED

Valero also blamed NATO and the Security Council for failing to push for a ceasefire rather than a victory of the rebels over Gaddafi, some of whose forces continue to oppose the fighters of the new government in isolated areas around the oil-producing OPEC member.

Delegates from Cuba, Bolivia and Nicaragua echoed Valero’s remarks.

Angola, speaking on behalf of southern African countries, called for a delay of the vote to accredit Libya, but that motion was heavily defeated.

Separately, the U.N. Security Council is expected to approve a resolution later on Friday that would ease some of the sanctions imposed on Libya in February and March, according to a text obtained by Reuters.

If approved, the draft would lift all sanctions against the Libyan National Oil Corporation and Zueitina Oil Company in an attempt to help get the Libyan economy running.

It would also partly ease sanctions against the central bank and other Libyan institutions, though their seized assets abroad would still need special approval by the Security Council’s Libya sanctions committee to be unfrozen.

The arms embargo would remain in place, but Libya’s interim government and the United Nations would be allowed to import weapons to maintain security.

The resolution would also establish a U.N. mission in Libya to assist the government with the post-conflict transition, though the draft does not call for the deployment of U.N. peacekeepers or police.

Reuters.

 

UN Security Council eases Libya sanctions, sets up mission
 


 
Representatives of member states of the UN Security Council vote in favor of a resolution at the UN headquarters in New York, the United States, Sept. 16, 2011. The UN Security Council on Friday unanimously adopted a resolution to ease sanctions against Libya’s assets and arms, and set up a UN mission to help restore public security and initiate economic recovery in the North African country. (Xinhua/Shen Hong)
UNITED NATIONS, Sept. 16 (Xinhua) — The UN Security Council on Friday unanimously adopted a resolution to ease sanctions against Libya’s assets and arms, and set up a UN mission to help restore public security and initiate economic recovery in the North African country.

The new resolution decided to lift asset freeze and other measures against the Libyan National Oil Corporation and Zueitina Oil Company, and ease sanctions against the Central Bank of Libya, the Libyan Arab Foreign Bank, the Libyan Investment Authority and the Libyan Africa Investment Portfolio.

The Security Council underscored “the importance of making these assets available in a transparent and responsible manner in conformity with the needs and wishes of the Libyan people,” the resolution said.

The Security Council allows “arms and related material of all types, including technical assistance, training, financial and other assistance, intended solely for security or disarmament assistance to the Libyan authorities,” the resolution said.

However, the sanctions against Libyan strongman Muammar Qaddafi, his family members and close followers are maintained, the resolution said.

The resolution was adopted hours after the UN General Assembly approved Libya’s National Transitional Council as the legitimate holder of the country’s UN seat.

In Feb., the 15-nation Security Council voted 15-0 to freeze the foreign assets of Qaddafi and his four aides, and to impose an arms embargo on the North African nation.

The Security Council decided to maintain the no-fly zone over Libya, imposed by the previous Council resolution months ago, but allows states to permit Libyan aircraft to land, which means a green light to the resumed operation of the Libyan airlines, the resolution said.

Meanwhile, the Security Council also decided to set up a United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) “for an initial period of three months to restore public security and order and promote the rule of law in the warring country, undertake inclusive political dialogue, promote national reconciliation, and embark upon the constitution-making and electoral process, and “take the immediate steps required to initiate economic recovery,” the resolution said.

The Security Council “welcomes the improved situation” in Libya and “looks forward to the establishment of an inclusive, representative transitional government of Libya,” the resolution said.

The Security Council reaffirmed that “the United Nations should lead the effort of the international community in supporting the Libyan-led transition and rebuilding process aimed at establishing a democratic, independent and united Libya,” the resolution said.

The Security Council “strongly urges the Libyan authorities to ensure the protection of diplomatic personnel and premises in accordance with the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961,” the resolution said.

The Security Council “calls upon the Libyan authorities to comply with the international obligations of Libya, including obligations set forth in the Charter of the United Nations,” the resolution said.

The Security Council held that “the voluntary and sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced persons will be a critical factor for the consolidation of peace in Libya,” the resolution said.

 
Libyan transitional government given UN seat 
 

 
Representatives of member states of the UN Security Council vote in favor of a resolution at the UN headquarters in New York, the United States, Sept. 16, 2011. The UN Security Council on Friday unanimously adopted a resolution to ease sanctions against Libya’s assets and arms, and set up a UN mission to help restore public security and initiate economic recovery in the North African country. (Xinhua/Shen Hong)
UNITED NATIONS, Sept. 16 (Xinhua) — The United Nations General Assembly Friday approved Libya’s National Transitional Council (NTC) as the legitimate holder of the country’s UN seat, at 114 to 17.

The 193-member assembly voted to let NTC representatives take over Libya’s UN mission despite oppositions from some Latin American and African countries which did not want the seat to be occupied by a “faction or illegitimate transitory authority imposed by foreign intervention.”

The move means NTC Chairman Mustafa Abdel Jalil will be able to attend next week’s UN gathering of world leaders in New York. He is scheduled to meet with U.S. President Barack Obama and other leaders on the sidelines of the general debate of the UN General Assembly.

Egypt’s UN Ambassador Maged Abdel Fattah Abdelaziz said his country trusted the “ability of the National Transitional Council to represent the Libyan people properly in the General Assembly and in other international fora.”

“The National Transitional Council has made all of the necessary commitments to the African Union, to the Arab League and to the Untied Nations,” said the ambassador.

“We are not convinced that there is any other legitimate option that could be considered in meetings of the African Union or the Arab League or the United Nations rather than allowing the National Transitional Council of Libya to occupy the seat,” he said, opposing the attempt by some African countries to delay the vote.

Some 90 countries, including a number of African countries, now recognize the NTC, but the African Union has so far refused to do so and sticks to its “roadmap” for Libya, which calls for an inclusive government in the country.

A representative from Equatorial Guinea, who is currently acting president of the African Union, told the general assembly that the African Union has always supported the rights of the Libyan people and has never said that it is not going to recognize the NTC.

“But it has requested that a government be formed, after which they would have their seat in the African Union and then we would support and recognize it. This has not been the case thus far,” said the diplomat, adding that General Assembly decision “shows once again that there is a lack of harmonization and coordination between the African Union and the United Nations.”

Xinhua.

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