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Sweden:3 scientists win The 2011 Nobel Prize in Medicine

Monday, October 3, 2011

Laaska News Oct. 3,2011a

 Nobel in medicine shared by three

 © Collage: The Voice of Russia    
 3 scientists win Nobel Prize in Medicine

This year’s Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to three scientists for their contributions to understanding the body’s immune system.

The Nobel committee in Stockholm, Sweden announced the winners on Monday. They are Bruce Beutler of the Scripps Research Institute in the United States, Jules Hoffmann of the University of Strasbourg, and Ralph Steinman of New York’s Rockefeller University.

Beutler and Hoffmann discovered that TLR proteins on the surface of cells are related to innate immunity, while Steinman discovered dendritic cells, which transmit data on pathogenic organisms sent from the TLR cells to lymphocytes.

Previous studies of the immune system were centered on lymphocytic functions and antibody mechanisms, while the three Nobel laureates made it clear that innate immunity is involved in the entire immune system.

The Nobel committee says these discoveries provide a new point of view to activating and regulating the immune system, which can lead to the development of new methods for the prevention or treatment of disease.

NHK.

Nobel in medicine shared by three

© Collage: The Voice of Russia   
 

The 2011 Nobel Prize for medicine or physiology went to three scientists for a research on human immune system.

Sweden’s Karolinska Institute said in a statement that US scientist Bruce Beutler, Luxembourg-born Jules Hoffmann, who now works  in France, and Canadian-born Ralph Steinman, working in the United States have revolutionized our understanding of the immune system by discovering key principles for its activation.

The research may help to prevent and cure cancer and inflammatory  diseases.
(IF)/VOR.
Laaska News.
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