Home > Middle East (Bariga Dhexe), POLITICS > Russia, China veto UNSC resolution on Syria – Why they did so?

Russia, China veto UNSC resolution on Syria – Why they did so?

Sunday, February 5, 2012

Laaska News  Feb. 5, 2012                Read  More Articles

Why they did so?
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Russia, China veto UN Security Council resolution on Syria

Russian Ambassador to the United Nations Vitaly Churkin. (Reuters / Keith Bedford) -RT

The United Nations Security Council has voted on a draft resolution concerning the ongoing violence in Syria.
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The United Nations Security Council has just voted on a draft resolution concerning the ongoing violence in Syria.
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Russia and China were the only voting members to oppose the draft. And as permanent members of the UNSC, they had the option to use veto power to block the draft’s passage.
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Beijing and Moscow have both taken issue with the draft’s vague wording, which they say leaves the door open for possible international military intervention in Syria and creates a picture of the current situation that favors opposition forces over the Assad government.
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American Ambassador Susan Rice told the Security Council following the vote that the US was “disgusted” at Russia and China’s decision to go against the resolution. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton also warned that more blood would be shed in Syria if a resolution was not reached soon.
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Russian Ambassador Vitaly Churkin commented maintained that Russia’s suggestions were not considered in the draft resolution.
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“The Russian delegation was forced to vote against this draft resolution. We seriously regret this outcome of our joint work.”
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Churkin said that resolution’s Western co-sponsors had not included key proposals such as isolating the Syrian opposition from violent extremist groups or a call to arms for other states to use their influence to prevent such alliances
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Unfortunately, some of our colleagues choose to make rather bizarre interpretations of the Russian proposals,” the Russian UN Ambassador said.
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Churkin said the Russian delegation has been accused of rewriting the Arab League texts adopted months ago in the Security Council.
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“Indeed, they were adopted months ago and since that time the situation has evolved,” he said, pointing out that Syrian rebels used previous withdrawals of the Syrian troops to their benefit, occupying cities during cease-fires.
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“There is no rule that the Security Council should repeat verbatim all resolutions adopted by the original organizations. They are neither Koran nor Bible, and we can express our own views on texts adopted month ago.”

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Russia and China reminded others that it was not their place to intervene in another country’s domestic affairs.
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The news follows days of heated political debate in the UNSC, with many members supporting a Western-backed draft calling for foreign nations to put an end to what some called the “Syrian killing machine.” And in a statement to the UN, US President Barack Obama urged the international community to protect the Syrian people from “abhorrent brutality.”
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Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told an audience at the Munich Security Conference that there are too few demands being placed on Syria’s armed opposition, and that the resolution could affect the outcome of political dialogue between the conflicting sides. Lavrov is set to visit the Syrian capital next Tuesday to conduct talks with President Bashar al-Assad.
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Meanwhile, Syria Tribune editor Ali Mohamad told RT that he doesn’t believe the Western backers of a UN Security Council resolution on Syria “are working for the best interests of the Syrian people.”
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Mohamad says there was a very good chance this week to find a draft that could satisfy all sides – but it was not supported by Western countries.”

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”The Arab league initiative, supported by the Security Council, wants to portray an image where the problem is between Assad and the Syrian people, but this is not the reality.”


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Instead, Mohamad says, the problem lies between opposing parts of Syrian society – and has nothing to do with Assad’s removal.
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The vote came after the latest reports of government crackdowns on the western city of Homs on Friday in which an estimated 200 hundred people were killed, with eyewitness testimony of tanks and heavy artillery. The Syrian government denied involvement, dismissing the claims as an attempt to drum up international support for the draft resolution.

RT.

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SC Syria resolution vetoed by Russia, China

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Photo: EPA .  

Russia and China have vetoed the Moroccan draft of a Security Council resolution on Syria. They did so after criticizing the draft for ignoring the conclusion by Arab League observers that the only way out of the Syrian crisis is an unconditional dialogue between the government and the opposition, conducted without a predetermined outcome on the negotiating table.

At the Munich security conference, which ended in the Bavarian capital Saturday, Foreign Minister Lavrov argued against imposing an arms embargo on Syria and urged foreign powers to join Russia in insisting that the Syrian opposition must not use force in its quest for change.

Next Tuesday, Mr Lavrov and foreign intelligence chief Mikhail Fradkov are to fly to Damascus on a Kremlin mission to discuss the Syrian situation with President Bashar Assad.
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SC Syria resolution still a possibility – Lavrov
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Russia rejects the current Moroccan draft of a Security Council resolution on Syria as biased in favour of interests in the West. It continues to look forward to a mutually acceptable compromise resolution.

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov told this to the media Saturday shortly after returning from the Munich security conference where he had discussed the matter with his American and German counterparts, Hillary Clinton and Guido Westerwelle.

He said Russia wants any resolution on Syria to include the conclusion by Arab League observers that the only way out of the Syrian crisis is an unconditional dialogue between the government and the opposition.

Next Tuesday, Mr Lavrov and foreign intelligence chief Mikhail Fradkov are to fly to Damascus on a Kremlin mission to discuss the Syrian situation with President Bashar Assad.

Feb 4, 2012 21:59
(RIAN),VOR.

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Related:

Russian and China veto UN sanctions against Syria

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Hundreds killed in Syria as UNSC vote nears

Hundreds are reported dead after a major military offensive on the western Syrian city of Homs overnight. While the country’s opposition blames Bashar al-Assad for the assault, the regime claims the reports are provocations.
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Reports say at least 200 perished in the attack on the Syrian city of Homs, which started late on Friday. Eyewitnesses say attackers used tanks, mortars and machine guns, Al Jazeera reports. 

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The opposition claims it was the Syrian regular army that caused the bloodbath.  Assad’s regime denies attacking Homs and maintains the reports are untrue and aimed at putting pressure on the UN Security Council, which is expected to vote on a resolution on Saturday. The regime accused TV stations broadcasting images of Homs and dead bodies of “inciting violence.” 

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“The civilians shown by satellite television stations are citizens who were kidnapped and killed by armed gunmen,” state agency SANA said.
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Protesters stormed Syrian embassies in Cairo, Kuwait and London on Saturday, AFP reports. The opposition Syrian National Council called on the world community to take action, saying Assad’s regime had “committed one of the most horrific massacres since the beginning of the uprising in Syria.”

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The UN Security Council is expected to vote on the resolution on Syria on Saturday, AP quoted an unnamed diplomat in the Council as saying. The move to a vote follows a conversation between Hillary Clinton and the Russian Foreign Minister on Friday, the agency reports.
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However news of the vote, which emerged overnight, came as a surprise to Russia.

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Sergey Lavrov said on Saturday that Russia still has concerns about the draft resolution which need to be addressed. Any attempt by the US to push for the UNSC to vote today would be “just another scandal,” the Russian foreign minister said in an interview on Russia 1 TV channel.

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Later in the day Lavrov said Russia sees two major problems with the current draft resolution. First, there are too few demands being placed on the armed opposition movement in the country; and second, that the resolution might prejudge the outcome of political dialogue between the sides.
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Political journalist Pepe Escobar told RT of his suspicions about what some are calling the Syrian government forces’ latest massacre, in Homs. As the incident seems to have been timed in concert with the UN meeting on a possible draft resolution, Escobar says, the document is sure be of “suspect” validity.

“It’s an alliance between NATO basically led by Washington, London and Paris and the six Persian Gulf Monarchies of the Gulf Corporation Council. Their agenda from the beginning, for months now, is regime change no matter what.”

He emphasized that the resolution was uninterested from the start in the Syrian peace process – and that “not only have developing countries pointed this out, apart from Russia and China, but Syrians themselves!”

RT’s Sarah Firth, speaking about Russia’s reservations on the draft resolution, highlighted the stumbling block of language.

They don’t like this obscure language that leaves the door open for international intervention,” she explained.

She went on to underline how difficult it is “to get an accurate gauge or accurate figures” on the violence wracking the country and the urgent need for a resolution.
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Russian’s top diplomat is due to meet with his American counterpart, Hillary Clinton, later on Saturday, on the sidelines of a security conference in Munich.

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­Even from inside the country, it is extremely difficult to verify reports of events there.  RT’s Sara Firth, who has just returned from Syria, shares her first-hand experiences. 

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“Even when we were there in the country, it is extremely hard to really get to the bottom of what is happening – to get to the areas, to see it with your own two eyes, and to be able to verify the information,” she said.

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“I have been speaking to people again today who we are in contact with in some of these areas [near Homs] and, to be honest, most of the phones are out of reception at the moment. There are all sorts of reports of electricity being down in many of these areas,” Sarah added.

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“In the center of Damascus the people we were working with are saying at the moment they are waiting for information too. It is exceptionally hard to gauge exactly what is going on at the moment.”

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4 February, 2012

RT.

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Changing the Syrian regime by force to be “disastrous”: analysts

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DAMASCUS, Feb. 3 (Xinhua) — As the UN Security Council still seems divided over finding an appropriate approach to end the simmering tension in Syria, opponents and proponents in the unrest- torn country appear to be united over rejecting any form of changing the regime of President Bashar al-Assad by force, considering that it would be “disastrous.”

Assad has recently warned that any foreign intervention in his country would lead to a “temblor in the region.”

George Gabbour, a political analyst, believed that the Syrians reject the use of force to topple the regime in their country, because “the use of military power would be disastrous and it doesn’t commensurate with the interests of a large segment of the Syrian people, especially that there are other segments, which support the president’s reforms and don’t want him overthrown.”

Toppling the regime by force is “a violation to the United Nations’ charter and the principles of international law,” he told Xinhua by phone.

On the opposition side, Hasan Abdul-Azim, head of the opposing National Coordination Body, voiced rejection to the concept of using force to change the Assad regime, pointing that “such intervention would pose dangerous repercussions on the Syrian and regional arena as well.”

During a phone call with Xinhua, Azim criticized the regime’s approach in handling the crisis, saying “no regime can resist the ambitions and aspirations of its people, especially as the region is witnessing major changes … and the Syrian regime can’t be an exception in this context.”

He expressed optimism that change “will occur in Syria, not by military force but through peaceful demonstrations, sit-ins and civil disobedience.”

Political activist Izz al-Din Abboud told Xinhua that “the change in Syria is inevitable but not through military force as in Libya because that would only complicate the situation even more.”

Abboud, who is from the Druze minority, expressed astonishment over the Syrian minorities’ fears of regime change, accusing the regime of “implanting such fears among the minorities” to preserve their support.

Faroq Hajji, another political activist, said that any use of military force to topple Assad’s regime would lead to ” deterioration of the situation in Syria and more shed of the Syrian blood.”

In a phone call with Xinhua, Hajji criticized protests that turned into unrest, stressing that “they should remain peaceful as it started.”

“The geopolitical site of Syria is exceptional as it’s close to Israel, Lebanon, Iraq and Turkey, as well as its allies with Iran and the Lebanese Hezbollah,” Hajji said, adding that “any use of force amid this complicated political landscape would rebound negatively on the regional situation.”

As for the West’s interests in the region, Hajji said ” globalization has dedicated a new logic in international relations, and therefore, the Western countries are looking to make the Middle East an area of their influence.”

The UN Security council convened Tuesday in presence of foreign ministers of the United States, Russia, China and the Arab League (AL) chief Nabil al-Arabi, to discuss the AL’s recent plan calling on Syrian President Assad to step down, as well as to pass a resolution condemning violence in Syria.

The council members failed to reach an agreement on the issue and met again behind closed doors on Wednesday afternoon to discuss the draft resolution on Syria.

On Friday, UN Security Council failed to reach an agreement over the resolution on Syria because of Russia’s opposition to the clause hinting on the possible regime change in Damascus.

Russia’s Foreign Ministry said Friday that Russia would not support the updated version of the West-Arab draft resolution on Syria as it still fails to take into account Moscow’s principal considerations.

“We have received the text (of the revised draft). Although some of our concerns have been considered, nevertheless, this is not enough for us to support it,” Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Gennadi Gatilov was quoted by Interfax news agency as saying.

The draft was officially published in a final version but no proposals about its voting have been made, the diplomat added. He said no ballot in the United Nations was expected in the next few days and the consultations could be continued.

The Syrian leadership has accused the broad-based opposition of acting out a Western plot by calling for foreign intervention and smuggling in weapons and ammunition to militia groups inside the country. Those militia groups call themselves the “Free Syrian Army,” who launch attacks on government and military bases, citing the government’s crackdown on opposition protesters in the 10- month-old unrest.

The Syrian government said more than 2,000 army and security personnel have been killed during the months-long unrest, while the United Nations put the death toll in the country at more than 5,400.

2012-02-04

Xinhua.

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Libya War 2011.

War in Libya

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Libya:Security Council authorizes ‘all necessary measures’ to protect civilians in Libya

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